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Original Research Papers

Model study of the impact of biogenic emission on regional ozone and the effectiveness of emission reduction scenarios over eastern China

Authors:

Zhiwei Han ,

Acid Deposition and Oxidant Research Center (ADORC), JP; Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, CN
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Hiromasa Ueda,

Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, JP
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Kazuhide Matsuda

Acid Deposition and Oxidant Research Center (ADORC), JP
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Abstract

The impact of biogenic emission on regional ozone and emission control scenarios has been numerically studied through a series of sensitivity model simulations. A typical episode with elevated ozone over eastern China from 12 to 16 August 2001 was investigated by using a tropospheric chemistry and transport model (TCTM), driven by a non-hydrostatic mesoscale model MM5. The meteorological conditions during this period were characterized by high-pressure systems associated with low wind speeds, high temperatures and clear skies. Afternoon ozone concentrations exceeding 80 parts per billion (ppb) occurred over broad areas of eastern China. There is a generally good agreement between simulation and observation, indicating that the TCTM is able to represent major physical and chemical processes of tropospheric ozone and well reproduce the diurnal and day-to-day variability associated with synoptic conditions. The sensitivity analysis reveals a significant influence of biogenic hydrocarbons on regional ozone. Ozone levels are apparently enhanced by biogenic emission over large areas of eastern China. The largest increase up to 30 ppb in daytime average concentration is found in portions of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, Yangtze Delta and northeast China. However, the response of ozone to biogenic emission varies spatially, showing more sensitivity in polluted areas than that in clean rural areas. The regimes limited by nitrogen oxides (NOx) and volatile organic carbon (VOC) in eastern China are further investigated with respect to biogenic emission. Ozone shows a clear tendency to shift from VOC limitation to NOx limitation as it moves from urban and industrial areas to rural areas. Most of the rural areas in southern China tend to be NOx limited, whereas most of the northern parts of China appear to be VOC limited. By considering biogenic emission, ozone tends to become more NOx limited and less VOC limited, both in extent and intensity, over eastern china. Furthermore, some regions have completely shifted from being VOC limited to being NOx limited.

How to Cite: Han, Z., Ueda, H. and Matsuda, K., 2005. Model study of the impact of biogenic emission on regional ozone and the effectiveness of emission reduction scenarios over eastern China. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 57(1), pp.12–27. DOI: http://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v57i1.16775
  Published on 01 Jan 2005
 Accepted on 14 Jul 2004            Submitted on 5 Feb 2004

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