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Original Research Papers

Soil CO2 flux from three ecosystems in tropical peatland of Sarawak, Malaysia

Authors:

Lulie Melling ,

Soil Science Laboratory, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, JP
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Ryusuke Hatano,

Soil Science Laboratory, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, JP
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Kah Joo Goh

Applied Agricultural Research Sdn Bhd, MY
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Abstract

Soil CO2 flux was measured monthly over a year from tropical peatland of Sarawak, Malaysia using a closed-chamber technique. The soil CO2 flux ranged from 100 to 533 mg C m−2 h−1 for the forest ecosystem, 63 to 245 mg C m−2 h−1 for the sago and 46 to 335 mg C m−2 h−1 for the oil palm. Based on principal component analysis (PCA), the environmental variables over all sites could be classified into three components, namely, climate, soil moisture and soil bulk density, which accounted for 86% of the seasonal variability. A regression tree approach showed that CO2 flux in each ecosystem was related to different underlying environmental factors. They were relative humidity for forest, soil temperature at 5 cm for sago and water-filled pore space for oil palm. On an annual basis, the soil CO2 flux was highest in the forest ecosystem with an estimated production of 2.1 kg C m−2 yr−1 followed by oil palm at 1.5 kg C m−2 yr−1 and sago at 1.1 kg C m−2 yr−1. The different dominant controlling factors in CO2 flux among the studied ecosystems suggested that land use affected the exchange of CO2 between tropical peatland and the atmosphere.

How to Cite: Melling, L., Hatano, R. and Goh, K.J., 2005. Soil CO2 flux from three ecosystems in tropical peatland of Sarawak, Malaysia. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 57(1), pp.1–11. DOI: http://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v57i1.16772
  Published on 01 Jan 2005
 Accepted on 29 Jun 2004            Submitted on 21 Nov 2003

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