Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Nitrous oxide emissions from cultivated soils in the North China Plain

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Original Research Papers

Nitrous oxide emissions from cultivated soils in the North China Plain

Authors:

Y. Dong ,

Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, CN; Max-Planck-Institute for Chemistry, Division of Atmospheric Chemistry, DE
X close

D. Scharffe,

Max-Planck-Institute for Chemistry, Division of Atmospheric Chemistry, DE
X close

Y. C. Qi,

Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, CN
X close

G. B. Peng

Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, CN; School ofMathematics, T he University of New South Wales, AU
X close

Abstract

Using an enclosed chamber technique, N2O emissions from intensively cultivated soils in the North China Plain were measured during periods from October 1995 to September 1996 and June 1997 to June 1998, to reflect distinct contributions of the winter wheat and summer maize growing seasons. The results show that the measured annual mean emission of N2O from soils treated with chemical N fertilizer and from soils treated with chemical N fertilizer combined with organic manure were 52.8 and 61.4 mg N2O m−2 h−1, respectively. These emissions from fertilized soils were significantly higher right after the chemical fertilizer was applied. A relatively low annual mean emission of 2.2 μg N2O m−2 h−1 was measured in soils that had not been fertilized for 12 years. Maximal annual emissions of N2O from the studied agroecosystem were 3.9 kg N2O—N ha−1 y−1. The results indicate that the application of organic manure also had a significant effect on N2O emissions, which combined with the use of chemical N fertilizer increased about 20% over the whole year. A weak correlation was found between N2O emissions and soil available NH+4 –N content. Average annual N2O emission from fertilized soils was estimated to be 57.1 mg N2O m−2 h−1, which is in good agreement with the average emission of 52.7 μg N2O m−2 h−1 reported in other fertilized soil flux studies at different locations in China.

How to Cite: Dong, Y., Scharffe, D., Qi, Y.C. and Peng, G.B., 2001. Nitrous oxide emissions from cultivated soils in the North China Plain. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 53(1), pp.1–9. DOI: http://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v53i1.16527
  Published on 01 Jan 2001
 Accepted on 8 Sep 2000            Submitted on 13 Jul 1999

References

  1. Bouwman , A. F. , Van der Hoek , K. W. and Olivier , J. G. J . 1995 . Uncertainties in the global source distribution of nitrous oxide . J. Geophys. Res . 100 , 2785 – 2800 .  

  2. Bremner , J. M. and Blackmer , A. M . 1978 . Nitrous oxide emissions from soil during nitrification of fertilizer nitrogen . Science 199 , 295 – 296 .  

  3. Bremner , J. M. , Robbins , S. G. and Blackmer , A. M . 1980 . Seasonal variability in emissions of nitrous oxide from soil . Geophys. Res. Lett . 7 , 741 – 744 .  

  4. Chen , G. X. , Huang , G. H. , Huang , B. , Yu , K. W. , Wu , J. and Xu , H . 1997 . Nitrous oxide and methane emissions from soil-plant system . Nutrient Cycles in Agro-ecosystems 49 , 41 – 45 .  

  5. Crutzen , P. J . 1971 . Ozone production rates in an oxygen-hydrogen-nitrogen oxide atmosphere . J. Geophys. Res . 76 , 7311 – 7327 .  

  6. Davidson , E. A . 1992 . Source of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide following wetting of dry soil . Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J . 56 , 95 – 102 .  

  7. Dong , Y. , Scharffe , D. , Lobert , J. M. , Crutzen , P. J. and Sanhueza , E . 1998 . Fluxes of CO2, CH4 and N20 from a temperate forest soil: the effect of leaves and humus layers . Tellus 50B , 243 – 252 .  

  8. Dong , Y. , Zhang , S. , Qi , Y. C. , Cheng , Z. Z. and Geng , Y. B . 2000 . Fluxes of CO2, N20 and CH4 from a typical temperate grassland in Inner Mongolia and its daily variation . Chinese Science Bulletin 45 , 1590 – 1594 .  

  9. Duxbury , J. M . 1994 . The significance of agricultural source of greenhouse gases . Fertilizer Research 38 , 151 – 163 .  

  10. Eichner , M. J . 1990 . Nitrous oxide emissions from fertilized soils: Summary of available data . J. Environ. Qual . 19 , 272 – 280 .  

  11. Houghton , J. T. , Callander , B. A. and Varney , S. K . 1992 . Climate change . The supplementary report to the IPCC scientific assessment. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Meteorology Office , Bracknell .  

  12. Khalil , M. A. K. and Rasmussen , R. A . 1992 . The global sources of nitrous oxide . J. Geophys. Res . 97 , 14651 – 14600 .  

  13. Lloyd , D . 1995 . Microbial processes and the cycling of atmospheric trace gases . Trends in Ecology and Evolution 10 , 476 – 478  

  14. Mosier , A. R. , Hutchinson , G. L. , Sabey , B. R. and Baxter , J . 1982 . Nitrous oxide emissions from barley plots treated with ammonium nitrate or sewage sludge . J. Environ. Qual . 11 , 78 – 81 .  

  15. Mosier , A. R. , Schimel , D. , Valentine , D. , Bronson , K. and Parton , W . 1991 . Methane and nitrous oxide fluxes in native, fertilized and cultivated grassland . Nature 350 , 330 – 332 .  

  16. Schuster , M. and Conrad , R . 1992 . Emission of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide during nitrification and denitrification in soil at different incubation condition . Microbiol. Ecol . 101 , 133 – 143 .  

  17. Seiler , W. and Conrad , R . 1981 . Field measurements of nature and fertilizer induced N20 release rate from soils . J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc . 31 , 767 – 772 .  

  18. Sitaula , B. K. , Bakken , L. R. and Abrahamsen , G . 1995 . N-fertilizer and soil acidification effects on N20 and CO2 emissions from temperate pine forest soils . Soil Biol. Biochem . 27 , 1401 – 1408 .  

  19. Skiba , U. , Smith , K. A. and Fowler , D . 1993 . Nitrification and denitrification as source of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide in a sandy loam soils . Soil Biol. Biochem . 25 , 1527 – 1536 .  

  20. Song , W. Z. , Wang , S. B. , Su , W. H. , Zeng , J. H. , Wang , Z. P. and Zhang , Y. M . 1996 . Agricultural activity and emissions of greenhouse gases in China region . Environmental Science (in Chinese) 17 , 85 – 88 .  

  21. Su , W. H. , Song , W. Z. , Zhang , H. , Cao , M. Q. , Lu , H. R. and Zhou , Q . 1992 . Flux of nitrous oxide on typical winter wheat field in Northern China . Environment Chemistry (in Chinese) 11 , 26 – 32 .  

  22. Vermoesen , A. , Van Cleemput , O. and Hofman , G . 1997 . Contribution of urine patched to the emission of N20 . In: Gaseous nitrogen emissions from grasslands (eds. S. C. Jarvis and B. F. Pain ). CABI , Wallingford , 189 – 194 .  

  23. Wang , S. B. and Song , W. Z . 1995 . Measurement of atmospheric N20 concentration and its emission fluxes from soil in China . Science in China 38B , 1101 – 1107 .  

  24. Xing , G. X. and Zhu , Z. L . 1997 . Preliminary studies on N20 emission fluxes from upland soils and paddy soils in China . Nutrient Cycles in Agroecosystems 49 , 17 – 22 .  

  25. Yamulki , S. , Jarvis , S. C. and Owen , P . 1998 . Nitrogen oxide emissions from excreta applied in a simulated grazing pattern . Soil Biol. Biochem . 30 , 491 – 500 .  

  26. Yamulki , S. , Goulding , K. W. T. , Webster , C. P. and Harrison , R. M . 1995 . Study on NO and N20 fluxes from a wheat field . Atmos. Environ . 9 , 1627 – 1635 .  

  27. Zeng , J. H. , Wang , Z. P. , Zhang , Y. M. , Song , W. Z. , Wang , S. B. and Su , W. H . 1995 . Flux of N20 emission from the fields in a wheat and maize rotation system . Environmental Science (in Chinese) 16 , 32 – 35 .  

comments powered by Disqus