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Original Research Papers

Evolution of boundary-layer aerosol particles due to in-cloud chemical reactions during the 2nd Lagrangian experiment of ACE-2

Authors:

Anthony J. Dore ,

Physics Department, UMIST, Manchester, GB
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Douglas W. Johnson,

Meteorological Research Flight, DERA, Farnborough, GB
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Simon R. Osborne,

Meteorological Research Flight, DERA, Farnborough, GB
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Thomas W. Choularton,

School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, GB
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Keith N. Bower,

Physics Department, UMIST, Manchester, GB
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Meinrat O. Andreae,

Biogeochemistry Department, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, DE
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Brian J. Bandy

School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, GB
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Abstract

The second Aerosol Characterisation Experiment (ACE-2) was aimed at investigating the physical, chemical and radiative properties of aerosol and their evolution in the North Atlantic region. In the 2nd “Lagrangian” experiment, an air mass was tracked over a 30-h period during conditions of extensive stratocumulus cover. Boundary-layer measurements of the aerosol size distribution obtained with a passive cavity aerosol spectrometer probe (PCASP) during the experiment show a gradual growth in size of particles in the 0.1−0.2 μm diameter mode. Simultaneously, SO2 concentrations were found to decrease sharply from 800 to 20 ppt. The fraction of sulphate in aerosol ionic mass increased from 0.68±0.07 to 0.82±0.09 for small particles (diameter below 1.7 μm) and from 0.21±0.04 to 0.34±0.03 for large particles (diameter above 1.7 μm). The measurements were compared with a multicyclic parcel model of gas phase diffusion into cloud droplets and aqueous phase chemical reactions. The model was able to broadly reproduce the observed transformation in the aerosol spectra and the timescale for the transformation of SO2 to sulphate aerosol. The modelled SO2 concentration in the boundary layer fell to below half its initial value over a 6.5-h time period due to a combination of the entrainment of cleaner tropospheric air and cloud chemical reactions. NH3 and HCl gas were also found to play an important rôle in cloud processing in the model.

How to Cite: Dore, A.J., Johnson, D.W., Osborne, S.R., Choularton, T.W., Bower, K.N., Andreae, M.O. and Bandy, B.J., 2000. Evolution of boundary-layer aerosol particles due to in-cloud chemical reactions during the 2nd Lagrangian experiment of ACE-2. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 52(2), pp.452–462. DOI: http://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v52i2.16172
  Published on 01 Jan 2000
 Accepted on 20 Sep 1999            Submitted on 8 Feb 1999

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