Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Lagrangian air mass tracking with smart balloons during ACE-2

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Original Research Papers

Lagrangian air mass tracking with smart balloons during ACE-2

Authors:

Randy Johnson,

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Air Resources Laboratory, Field Research Division, Idaho Falls, Idaho 83402, US
X close

Steven Businger ,

Department of Meteorology, University of Hawaii, 2525 Correa Rd., Honolulu, HI 96822, US
X close

Annette Baerman

University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, US
X close

Abstract

A 3rd-generation smart balloon designed at National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Air Resources Laboratory Field Research Division, in collaboration with the University of Hawaii, was released from ship-board during the recent Second Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE-2) to provide Lagrangian air-mass tracking data. ACE-2 is the 3rd in a series of field experiments designed to study the chemical, physical, and radiative properties and processes of atmospheric aerosols and their role in climate and is organized by the international global atmospheric chemistry (IGAC) program. The adjective smart in the title of this paper refers to the fact that the buoyancy of the balloon automatically adjusts through the act of pumping air into or releasing air from the ballast portion of the balloon when it travels vertically outside a barometric pressure range set prior to release. The smart balloon design provides GPS location, barometric pressure, temperature, relative humidity, and other data via a transponder to a C130 research aircraft flying in the vicinity of the balloon. The addition of 2-way communication allows interactive control of the balloon operating parameters by an observer. A total of 3 cloudy Lagrangian experiments were conducted during the ACE-2 field program which lasted from 16 June through 26 July 1997. This paper reviews the design and capability of the smart balloons and their performance during the ACE-2 Lagrangian experiments. Future development and applications of the technology are discussed.

How to Cite: Johnson, R., Businger, S. and Baerman, A., 2000. Lagrangian air mass tracking with smart balloons during ACE-2. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 52(2), pp.321–334. DOI: http://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v52i2.16114
  Published on 01 Jan 2000
 Accepted on 23 Sep 1999            Submitted on 25 Feb 1999

References

  1. Bates , T. S. , Huebert , B. J. , Gras , J. L. , Griffiths , F. B. and Durkee , P. A . 1998 . The International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) Project's First Aero-sol Characterization Experiment (ACE-1). Overview. J. Geophys. Rev . 103 , 16,297 – 16,318  

  2. Businger , S. , Chiswell , S. R. , Ulmer , W. C. and Johnson , R . 1996 . Balloons as a Lagrangian measurement plat-form for atmospheric research , J. Geophys. Res . 101 , 4363 – 4376 .  

  3. Businger , S. , Johnson , R. , Katzfey , J. , Siems , S. and Wang , Q . 1999 . Smart tetroons for Lagrangian air mass tracking during ACE-1. J. Geophys. Res . 103 , 11,709 – 11,722  

  4. Clarke A. D. , Uehara , T. and Porter , J. N . 1996 . Lagrang-ian evolution of an aerosol column during the Atlantic Stratocumulus Transition Experiment . J. Geophys. Res . 101 , 4351 – 4362 .  

  5. Draxler , R. R . 1992 . Hybrid single-particle Lagrangian integrated trajectories (HY-SPLIT): Version 3.0 - User's guide and model description. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL ARL-195 [Available from the National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161] .  

  6. Huebert , B. J. , Howell , S. G. , Zhuang , L. , Heath , J. , Litchy , M. , Wylie , D. J. Kreidler , J. , Coeppicus , S. and Pfeiffer , J . 1998 . Filter and impactor measurements of anions and cations during ACE-1. J. Geophys. Res . 103 , 16,493 – 16,510  

  7. Johnson , D. W. , Osborne , S. , Wood , R. , Suhre , K. , John-son , R. , Businger , S. , Quinn , P. K. , Wiedensohler , A. , Durkee , P. A. , Russell , L. M. , Andreae , MO. ,, O'Dowd, C., Noone, K., Bandy, B., Rudolph, J. and Rapsomanikis, S. 2000. An overview of the Lagrangian experiments undertaken during the north Atlantic regional aerosol characterization experiment (ACE-2). Tellus 52B , 290 – 320  

  8. Johnson , R. , Carter , R. and Businger , S . 1998 . Evolution of smart balloon design for Lagrangian air mass track-ing . GPS World 9 , 33 – 38 .  

  9. Kalnay , M. , Kanamitsu , M. and Baker , W. E . 1990 . Global numerical weather prediction at the National Meteorological Center . Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc . 71 , 1410 – 1428 .  

  10. Lenschow , D. H. , Pearson, R. Jr. and Stankov , B. B . 1981 . Estimating the ozone budget in the boundary layer by use of aircraft measurements of ozone eddy flux and mean concentration . J. Geophys. Res . 86 , 7291 – 7297 .  

  11. Raes , F. , Bates , T. S. , McGovern , F. and Vanliedekerke , M . 2000 . The Second Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE-2): General overview and main results . Tellus 52B , 111 – 126 .  

  12. Seinfeld , J. H. , Hecht , T. A. and Roth , P. M . 1973 . Existing needs in the observational study of atmospheric chemical reactions . USEPA report EPA-R4- 73 – 031 .  

  13. Suhre , K. , Mari , C. , Bates , T. S. , Johnson , J. W. , Rosset , R. , Wang , Q. , Bandy , A. R. , Blake , D. R. , Businger , S. , Eisele , F. L. , Huebert , B. J. , Kok , G. L. , Mauldin , R. L. , Prevot , A. S. , Schillawski , R. D. , Tanner , D. J. and Thornton , D. C . 1998 . Physico-chemical modeling of the first Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE-1) Lagrangian B 1. A moving column approach. Journal of Geophysical Research 103 , 16,433 – 16,455  

  14. Wang , Q. , Suhre , K. , Krummel , P. , Siems , S. T. , Pan , L. , Bates , T. S. , Johnson , J. E. , Lenschow , D. H. , Heubert , B. J. , Kok , G. L. , Schillawski , R. D. and Businger , S . 1998 . Characteristics of the marine boundary layers during Lagrangian measurements, Part I: General conditions and mean vertical strucutre. J. Geophy. Res . 104 , 21,751 – 21,765  

  15. Zak , B. D . 1983 . Lagrangian studies of atmospheric pol-lutant transformations. In: Trace atmospheric constitu-ents: properties, transformations, fates . John Wiley & Sons, pp. 303 – 344 .  

comments powered by Disqus