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Original Research Papers

Atmospheric concentrations and deposition of oxidized sulfur and nitrogen species at Petaling Jaya, Malaysia, 1993–1998

Authors:

G. P. Ayers ,

CSIRO Atmospheric Research, AU
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Leong Chow Peng,

Malaysian Meteorological Service, MY
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Lim Sze Fook,

Malaysian Meteorological Service, MY
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Cheah Wai Kong,

Tenaga Nasional R&D Berhad, MY
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R. W. Gillett,

CSIRO Atmospheric Research, AU
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P. C. Manins

CSIRO Atmospheric Research, AU
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Abstract

Wet-only rainwater composition, acid-precursor gas mixing ratios and aerosol loading were determined from weekly-averaged samples at Petaling Jaya, Malaysia, over the five year period from March 1993 to March 1998. Annual deposition fluxes of acidic sulfur and nitrogen species estimated from these data show this site to be heavily impacted by acidic deposition, with total oxidised sulfur plus nitrogen deposition in the range 277–480 meq m-2 yr-1. Average contributions were 56% as sulfur species, 44% as nitrogen species, with wet deposition in this region of high rainfall accounting for 67% of total deposition. Thus total acid deposition fluxes were equivalent to levels that provided motivation for emissions reduction programs in both Europe and North America. The possibility of adverse environmental effects in Malaysia caused by acid deposition therefore merits serious consideration and assessment.

How to Cite: Ayers, G.P., Peng, L.C., Fook, L.S., Kong, C.W., Gillett, R.W. and Manins, P.C., 2000. Atmospheric concentrations and deposition of oxidized sulfur and nitrogen species at Petaling Jaya, Malaysia, 1993–1998. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 52(1), pp.60–73. DOI: http://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v52i1.16082
  Published on 01 Jan 2000
 Accepted on 27 May 1999            Submitted on 10 Feb 1999

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