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Original Research Papers

Anthropogenic versus natural sources of atmospheric sulphate from an Alpine ice core

Authors:

M. Schwikowski ,

Paul Scherrer Institut, CH
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A. Döscher,

Paul Scherrer Institut, CH
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H.W. Gäggeler,

Paul Scherrer Institut; Departement für Chemie und Biochemie, Universität Bern, CH
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U. Schotterer

Paul Scherrer Institut; Physikalisches Institut, Universität Bern, CH
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Abstract

Opposite to greenhouse gases, sulphate aerosol particles are expected to cause climate cooling, but uncertainties exist about source variability and strength. We analysed an ice core from a European glacier to quantify source strengths of aerosol-borne sulphate over a 200-year period. Sulphate from emissions of SO2 increased by more than an order of magnitude during this century. This anthropogenic source is responsible for about 80% of total sulphate in the industrial period, and reflects emissions of west European countries. In the pre-industrial period mineral dust was the dominant contributor, followed by sulphate from SO2 emissions with volcanoes or biomass burning as possible sources.

How to Cite: Schwikowski, M., Döscher, A., Gäggeler, H.W. and Schotterer, U., 1999. Anthropogenic versus natural sources of atmospheric sulphate from an Alpine ice core. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 51(5), pp.938–951. DOI: http://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v51i5.16506
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  Published on 01 Jan 1999
 Accepted on 2 Jun 1999            Submitted on 29 Jan 1999

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