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Original Research Papers

Aerosol NO3 and 210Pb distribution over the central-eastern Arabian Sea and their air–sea deposition fluxes

Authors:

M. M. Sarin ,

Physical Research L aboratory, IN
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R. Rengarajan,

Physical Research L aboratory, IN
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S. Krishnaswami

Physical Research L aboratory, IN
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Abstract

The concentrations of NO- 3, SO2 - 4 and 210Pb have been measured in the marine boundary layer over the central-eastern Arabian Sea to investigate the sources of NO-3 to this region and its deposition flux to the sea surface. Bulk aerosol samples were collected during April — May (intermonsoon) 1994, July — August (monsoon) 1995, 1996 and February — March (winter) 1995, 1997. The NO-3 and 210Pb concentrations, during the intermonsoon and winter, ranged from 0.4 to 4.1 μg m-3 and (12.3 to 70.3) × 10- 3 dpm m- 3, respectively; with systematically higher concentrations during the winter. Their concentrations were the lowest, 0.2 to 0.8 μg m- 3 and (4.0 to 17.6) × 10- 3 dpm m- 3, respectively, during monsoon. The seasonal and spatial distributions of NO- 3 and 210Pb in the aerosols show a significant positive correlation and bring to light the dominant rô le of continental sources in the chemistry of aerosols over the Arabian Sea. The NO- 3 deposition flux to the Arabian Sea surface is determined to be 0.9 mg m-2 d-1 based on the NO- 3/210Pb ratio (43 μg/dpm-1) and the measured 210Pb deposition flux of 20 dpm m-2 d-1. The atmospheric NO- 3 flux to the mixed layer is insignificant compared to that fixed by primary production in this region and that supplied to the mixed layer from the base of the euphotic zone. The annual mean 210Pb concentration (25 × 10- 3 dpm m- 3) and its atmospheric deposition flux (20 dpm m-2 d-1) yield an effective deposition velocity of ~0.9 cm s-1 for 210Pb aerosols; similar to that used for deriving NO- 3 and NH+4 deposition fluxes. The seasonal trend for SO2 - 4 concentrations is quite similar to that of NO- 3, with the non-sea-salt component of SO2 - 4 being generally higher during the winter and the intermonsoon periods.

How to Cite: Sarin, M.M., Rengarajan, R. and Krishnaswami, S., 1999. Aerosol NO3 and 210Pb distribution over the central-eastern Arabian Sea and their air–sea deposition fluxes. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 51(4), pp.749–758. DOI: http://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v51i4.16480
  Published on 01 Jan 1999
 Accepted on 17 Feb 1999            Submitted on 14 Aug 1998

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