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Original Research Papers

Selected water-soluble organic compounds found in size-resolved aerosols collected from urban, mountain and marine atmospheres over East Asia

Authors:

Gehui Wang ,

State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, CN; Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, JP
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Kimitaka Kawamura,

Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, JP
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Mingjie Xie,

School of the Environment, Nanjing University, CN
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Shuyuan Hu,

School of the Environment, Nanjing University, CN
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Jianjun Li,

State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, CN
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Bianhong Zhou,

State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, CN
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Junji Cao,

State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, CN
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Zhisheng An

State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, CN
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Abstract

Primary (i.e. sugars and sugar-alcohols) and secondary (i.e. carboxylic acids) water-soluble organic compounds (WSOCs) in size-segregated aerosols from the urban and mountain atmosphere of China and from the marine atmosphere in the outflow region of East Asia were characterized on a molecular level. Levoglucosan is the most abundant compound among the quantified WSOCs in the urban and mountain atmosphere, whose concentration at the urban site was 1-2 orders of magnitude higher than that at the mountain and marine sites. In contrast, malic, succinic and phthalic acids were dominant among the measured WSOCs at the marine site. In the urban air, sugars except levoglucosan gave a bimodal size distribution with a large peak in fine range (<2.1 μm) and a small peak in coarse range (≥2.1 μm) during winter, being opposite to those in spring. In contrast, these WSOCs at the mountain and marine sites dominated in the coarse range but diminished and even disappeared in the fine range. Geometric mean diameters (GMDs) of the measured WSOCs in the fine mode at the urban site were larger in winter than in spring. Levoglucosan and carboxylic acids except for azelaic and benzoic acids showed a larger GMD in the coarse mode at the marine site probably due to an increased hygroscopic growth.

How to Cite: Wang, G., Kawamura, K., Xie, M., Hu, S., Li, J., Zhou, B., Cao, J. and An, Z., 2011. Selected water-soluble organic compounds found in size-resolved aerosols collected from urban, mountain and marine atmospheres over East Asia. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 63(3), pp.371–381. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2011.00536.x
  Published on 01 Jan 2011
 Accepted on 11 Apr 2011            Submitted on 14 Dec 2010

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