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Original Research Papers

Monthly, global emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel consumption

Authors:

R. J. Andres ,

Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US
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J. S. Gregg,

Risø DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, DK
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L. Losey,

Department of Space Studies, University of North Dakota, US
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G. Marland,

Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US
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T. A. Boden

Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US
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Abstract

This paper examines available data, develops a strategy and presents a monthly, global time series of fossil-fuel carbon dioxide emissions for the years 1950-2006. This monthly time series was constructed from detailed study of monthly data from the 21 countries that account for approximately 80% of global total emissions. These data were then used in a Monte Carlo approach to proxy for all remaining countries. The proportional-proxy methodology estimates by fuel group the fraction of annual emissions emitted in each country and month. Emissions from solid, liquid and gas fuels are explicitly modelled by the proportional-proxy method. The primary conclusion from this study is the global monthly time series is statistically significantly different from a uniform distribution throughout the year. Uncertainty analysis of the data presented show that the proportional-proxy method used faithfully reproduces monthly patterns in the data and the global monthly pattern of emissions is relatively insensitive to the exact proxy assignments used. The data and results presented here should lead to a better understanding of global and regional carbon cycles, especially when the mass data are combined with the stable carbon isotope data in atmospheric transport models.

How to Cite: Andres, R.J., Gregg, J.S., Losey, L., Marland, G. and Boden, T.A., 2011. Monthly, global emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel consumption. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 63(3), pp.309–327. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2011.00530.x
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  Published on 01 Jan 2011
 Accepted on 16 Feb 2011            Submitted on 21 Jun 2010

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