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Original Research Papers

Estimation of hydrogen deposition velocities from 1995–2008 at Mace Head, Ireland using a simple box model and concurrent ozone depositions

Authors:

P.G. Simmonds ,

Atmospheric Chemistry Research Group, University of Bristol, GB
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R.G. Derwent,

Rdscientific, Newbury, GB
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A.J. Manning,

Met Office, Exeter, GB
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A. Grant,

Atmospheric Chemistry Research Group, University of Bristol, GB
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S. O’doherty,

Atmospheric Chemistry Research Group, University of Bristol, GB
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T.G. Spain

National University of Ireland, IE
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Abstract

During stable nocturnal inversions with low wind speeds, we observed strong depletions of both hydrogen and ozone caused by deposition to the peat bogs in the vicinity of the Mace Head Atmospheric Research Station, Connemara, County Galway, Ireland. From these temporally correlated fluxes and using a simple box model, we have estimated the strength of the molecular hydrogen soil sink over a 14-yr period (1995-2008). Over this entire period 269 nocturnal deposition events were identified that satisfied the strict selection criteria. The average hydrogen deposition velocity determined from these events was 0.53 mm s-1, covering a range of 0.18-1.29 mm s-1, which is in agreement with the range of deposition velocities reported in the literature for similar peaty biomes. By annually averaging all of the nocturnal inversion events over the most seasonally active period from April-September we reveal a positive correlation with ambient temperature in the relative deposition velocities of hydrogen and ozone, which is not readily apparent in all of the individual events. Furthermore, average hydrogen deposition velocities and accumulated rainfall from 48 h before and during each event were to a reasonable extent anti-correlated. However, due to the large uncertainties in determining monthly mean H2 deposition velocities there is no statistically significant trend in the hydrogen deposition velocities over time.

How to Cite: Simmonds, P.G., Derwent, R.G., Manning, A.J., Grant, A., O’doherty, S. and Spain, T.G., 2011. Estimation of hydrogen deposition velocities from 1995–2008 at Mace Head, Ireland using a simple box model and concurrent ozone depositions. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 63(1), pp.40–51. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2010.00518.x
  Published on 01 Jan 2011
 Accepted on 29 Oct 2010            Submitted on 10 May 2010

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