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Original Research Papers

Continuous measurements of methane from a tower network over Siberia

Authors:

M. Sasakawa ,

Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, JP
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K. Shimoyama,

Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, JP
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T. Machida,

Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, JP
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N. Tsuda,

Global Environmental Forum, Tokyo, JP
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H. Suto,

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, JP
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M. Arshinov,

Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, RU
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D. Davydov,

Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, RU
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A. Fofonov,

Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, RU
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O. Krasnov,

Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, RU
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T. Saeki,

Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, JP
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Y. Koyama,

Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, JP
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S. Maksyutov

Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, JP
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Abstract

We have been conducting continuous measurements of Methane (sCH4) concentration from an expanding network of towers (JR-STATION: Japan–Russia Siberian Tall Tower Inland Observation Network) located in taiga, steppe and wetland biomes of Siberia since 2004. High daytime means (>2000 ppb) observed simultaneously at several towers during winter, together with in situ weather data and NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data, indicate that high pressure systems caused CH4 accumulation at subcontinental scale due to the widespread formation of an inversion layer. Daytime means sometimes exceeded 2000 ppb, particularly in the summer of 2007 when temperature and precipitation rates were anomalously high over West Siberia, which implies that CH4 emission from wetlands were exceptionally high in 2007. Many hot spots detected by MODIS in the summer of 2007 illustrate that the contribution of biomass burning also cannot be neglected. Daytime mean CH4 concentrations from the Siberian tower sites were generally higher than CH4 values reported at NOAA coastal sites in the same latitudinal zone, and the difference in concentrations between two sets of sites was reproduced with a coupled Eulerian–Lagrangian transport model. Simulations of emissions from different CH4 sources suggested that the major contributor to variation switched from wetlands during summer to fossil fuel during winter.

How to Cite: Sasakawa, M., Shimoyama, K., Machida, T., Tsuda, N., Suto, H., Arshinov, M., Davydov, D., Fofonov, A., Krasnov, O., Saeki, T., Koyama, Y. and Maksyutov, S., 2010. Continuous measurements of methane from a tower network over Siberia. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 62(5), pp.403–416. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2010.00494.x
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  Published on 01 Jan 2010
 Accepted on 6 Jul 2010            Submitted on 28 Dec 2009

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