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Original Research Papers

Sensitivity of a coupled climate-carbon cycle model to large volcanic eruptions during the last millennium

Authors:

Victor Brovkin ,

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstr. 53, 20146 Hamburg, DE
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Stephan J. Lorenz,

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstr. 53, 20146 Hamburg, DE
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Johann Jungclaus,

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstr. 53, 20146 Hamburg, DE
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Thomas Raddatz,

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstr. 53, 20146 Hamburg, DE
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Claudia Timmreck,

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstr. 53, 20146 Hamburg, DE
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Christian H. Reick,

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstr. 53, 20146 Hamburg, DE
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Joachim Segschneider,

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstr. 53, 20146 Hamburg, DE
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Katharina Six

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstr. 53, 20146 Hamburg, DE
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Abstract

The sensitivity of the climate–biogeochemistry system to volcanic eruptions is investigated using the comprehensive Earth System Model developed at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology. The model includes an interactive carbon cycle with modules for terrestrial biosphere as well as ocean biogeochemistry. The volcanic forcing is based on a recent reconstruction for the last 1200 yr. An ensemble of five simulations is performed and the averaged response of the system is analysed in particular for the largest eruption of the last millennium in the year 1258. After this eruption, the global annual mean temperature drops by 1 K and recovers slowly during 10 yr. Atmospheric CO2 concentration declines during 4 yr after the eruption by ca. 2 ppmv to its minimum value and then starts to increase towards the pre-eruption level. This CO2 decrease is explained mainly by reduced heterotrophic respiration on land in response to the surface cooling, which leads to increased carbon storage in soils, mostly in tropical and subtropical regions. The ocean acts as a weak carbon sink, which is primarily due to temperature-induced solubility. This sink saturates 2 yr after the eruption, earlier than the land uptake.

How to Cite: Brovkin, V., Lorenz, S.J., Jungclaus, J., Raddatz, T., Timmreck, C., Reick, C.H., Segschneider, J. and Six, K., 2010. Sensitivity of a coupled climate-carbon cycle model to large volcanic eruptions during the last millennium. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 62(5), pp.674–681. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2010.00471.x
  Published on 01 Jan 2010
 Accepted on 10 Jun 2010            Submitted on 27 Nov 2009

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