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Original Research Papers

Costs and global impacts of black carbon abatement strategies

Authors:

Kristin Rypdal ,

CICERO, NO
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Nathan Rive,

CICERO, NO
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Terje K. Berntsen,

CICERO, NO
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Zbigniew Klimont,

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), AT
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Torben K. Mideksa,

CICERO, NO
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Gunnar Myhre,

CICERO, NO
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Ragnhild B. Skeie

CICERO, NO
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Abstract

Abatement of particulate matter has traditionally been driven by health concerns rather than its role in global warming. Here we assess future abatement strategies in terms of how much they reduce the climate impact of black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC) from contained combustion. We develop global scenarios which take into account regional differences in climate impact, costs of abatement and ability to pay, as well as both the direct and indirect (snow-albedo) climate impact of BC and OC. To represent the climate impact, we estimate consistent region-specific values of direct and indirect global warming potential (GWP) and global temperature potential (GTP). The indirect GWP has been estimated using a physical approach and includes the effect of change in albedo from BC deposited on snow. The indirect GWP is highest in the Middle East followed by Russia, Europe and North America, while the total GWP is highest in the Middle East, Africa and South Asia. We conclude that prioritizing emission reductions in Asia represents the most cost-efficient global abatement strategy for BC because Asia is (1) responsible for a large share of total emissions, (2) has lower abatement costs compared to Europe and North America and (3) has large health cobenefits from reduced PM10 emissions.

How to Cite: Rypdal, K., Rive, N., Berntsen, T.K., Klimont, Z., Mideksa, T.K., Myhre, G. and Skeie, R.B., 2009. Costs and global impacts of black carbon abatement strategies. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 61(4), pp.625–641. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2009.00430.x
  Published on 01 Jan 2009
 Accepted on 18 May 2009            Submitted on 6 Aug 2008

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