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Original Research Papers

Measurements of desert dust optical characteristics at Porte au Sahara during SAMUM

Authors:

W. Von Hoyningen-Huene ,

IUP University of Bremen, DE
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T. Dinter,

IUP University of Bremen, DE
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A. A. Kokhanovsky,

IUP University of Bremen, DE
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J. P. Burrows,

IUP University of Bremen, DE
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M. Wendisch,

Institute of Physics of Atmosphere, University Mainz, DE
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E. Bierwirth,

Institute of Physics of Atmosphere, University Mainz, DE
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D. Müller,

Institute of Tropospheric Research, DE
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M. Diouri

University of Oujda, MA
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Abstract

Main optical characteristics of desert dust, such as phase function and single scattering albedo, have been derived from combinations of sun-/sky-radiometer and satellite measurements during the SAMUM experiment (10 May–10 June 2006) at the site Porte au Sahara (30.237◦N, 5.607◦W) in South Morocco. Scattering phase functions have been retrieved using combined data of spectral aerosol optical thickness (AOT) and spectral sky brightness in the almucantar, considering non-spherical light scattering. Intercomparisons of modelled top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reflectance with satellite observations of the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) and Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography () instrument have been used for the estimation of spectral single scattering albedo. For the radiative transfer calculations scattering phase functions and AOT from ground-based observations have been used. The spectral single scattering albedo ranges from 0.93 in the blue to 0.98 at 753 nm.

How to Cite: Von Hoyningen-Huene, W., Dinter, T., Kokhanovsky, A.A., Burrows, J.P., Wendisch, M., Bierwirth, E., Müller, D. and Diouri, M., 2009. Measurements of desert dust optical characteristics at Porte au Sahara during SAMUM. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 61(1), pp.206–215. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00405.x
  Published on 01 Jan 2009
 Accepted on 30 Oct 2008            Submitted on 29 Dec 2007

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