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Original Research Papers

Seasonal variability of crustal and marine trace elements in the aerosol at Neumayer station, Antarctica

Authors:

Rolf Weller ,

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, DE
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Janina Wöltjen,

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, DE
About Janina
Now at: School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.
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Claudia Piel,

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, DE
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Rosa Resenberg,

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, DE
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Dietmar Wagenbach,

Institut für Umweltphysik, University Heidelberg, DE
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Gert König-Langlo,

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, DE
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Michael Kriews

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, DE
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Abstract

Atmospheric trace element concentrations were measured from March 1999 to December 2003 at the Air Chemistry Observatory of the German Antarctic station Neumayer, by inductively coupled plasma–quadrupol mass spectrometry (ICP–QMS) and ion chromatography (IC). This continuous five-year long record derived from weekly aerosol sampling revealed a distinct seasonal summer maximum for elements linked with mineral dust entry (Al, La, Ce, Nd) and a winter maximum for the mostly sea salt derived elements Li, Na, K, Mg, Ca and Sr. The relative seasonal amplitude was around 1.7 and 1.4 for mineral dust (La) and sea salt aerosol (Na), respectively. On average, a significant deviation regarding mean ocean water composition was apparent for Li, Mg and Sr, which could hardly be explained by mirabilite precipitation on freshly formed sea ice. In addition, we observed all over the year, a not clarified high variability of element ratios Li/Na, K/Na, Mg/Na, Ca/Na and Sr/Na. We found an intriguing co-variation of Se concentrations with biogenic sulphur aerosols (methane sulphonate and non-sea salt sulphate), indicating a dominant marine biogenic source for this element, linked with the marine biogenic sulphur source.

How to Cite: Weller, R., Wöltjen, J., Piel, C., Resenberg, R., Wagenbach, D., König-Langlo, G. and Kriews, M., 2008. Seasonal variability of crustal and marine trace elements in the aerosol at Neumayer station, Antarctica. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 60(5), pp.742–752. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00372.x
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  Published on 01 Jan 2008
 Accepted on 9 Jun 2008            Submitted on 18 Mar 2008

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