Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Annual and interannual variation in boreal forest aerosol particle number and volume concent...

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Original Research Papers

Annual and interannual variation in boreal forest aerosol particle number and volume concentration and their connection to particle formation

Authors:

Miikka Dal Maso ,

Department of Physical Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, FI; ICG-II, Forschugszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, DE
X close

Antti Hyvärinen,

Finnish Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 503, 00101 Helsinki, FI
X close

Mika Komppula,

Finnish Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 503, 00101 Helsinki, FI
X close

Peter Tunved,

Department of Applied Environmental Science, Stockholm University, SE-10691 Stockholm, SE
X close

Veli-Matti Kerminen,

Finnish Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 503, 00101 Helsinki, FI
X close

Heikki Lihavainen,

Finnish Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 503, 00101 Helsinki, FI
X close

Yrjö Viisanen,

Finnish Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 503, 00101 Helsinki, FI
X close

Hans-Christen Hansson,

Department of Applied Environmental Science, Stockholm University, SE-10691 Stockholm, SE
X close

Markku Kulmala

Department of Physical Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, FI
X close

Abstract

We investigated size-resolved submicrometre aerosol particle number and volume concentration time series as well as aerosol dynamic parameters derived from Differential Mobility Particle Sizer (DMPS) measurements at five background stations in the Nordic boreal forest area. The stations in question were Aspvreten, Hyytiälä and Utö in southern Finland and Sweden, and Värriö and Pallas in the Finnish Lapland. The objective of our investigation was to identify and quantify annual and interannual variation observable in the time series. We found that the total number and mass concentrations were much lower at the Lapland stations than at the southern stations and that the total particle number was strongly correlated to particle formation event frequency. The annual total number concentration followed the annual distribution of particle formation events at the southern stations but much less clearly at the Lapland stations. The volume concentration was highest during summer, in line with higher condensation growth rates; this is in line with the assumption that a large part of the particle volume is produced by oxidized plant emissions. The decrease of sulphate emissions in Europe was not visible in our data set. Aerosol dynamic parameters such as condensation sink, condensation sink diameter and the power law exponent linking coagulation losses and condensation sink are presented to characterize the submicron Nordic background aerosol.

How to Cite: Dal Maso, M., Hyvärinen, A., Komppula, M., Tunved, P., Kerminen, V.-M., Lihavainen, H., Viisanen, Y., Hansson, H.-C. and Kulmala, M., 2008. Annual and interannual variation in boreal forest aerosol particle number and volume concentration and their connection to particle formation. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 60(4), pp.495–508. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00366.x
1
Views
  Published on 01 Jan 2008
 Accepted on 6 May 2008            Submitted on 31 Oct 2007

References

  1. Aalto , P. , Hämeri , K. , Becker , E. , Weber , R. , Salm , J. and co-authors . 2001 . Physical characterization of aerosol particles during nucleation events. Tellus 53B, 344 - 358 .  

  2. Albrecht , B . 1989 . Aerosols, cloud microphysics and fractional cloudi-ness. Science 245 , 1227 – 1230 .  

  3. Andreae , M . 0. 2007a . Atmospheric aerosols versus greenhouse gases in the twenty-first century. Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. A: Math., Phys. Eng. Sci . 365 ( 1856 ), 1915 – 1923  

  4. Andreae , M . 0. 2007b . Aerosols before pollution. Science 315 , 50 – 51 .  

  5. Berglen , T. F. , Myhre , G. , Isaksen , I. S. A. , Vestreng , V. and Smith , S. J . 2007 . Sulphate trends in Europe: are we able to model the recent observed decrease? Tellus 59B , 773 – 786 .  

  6. Birmili , W. , Wiedensohler , A. , Heintzenberg , J. and Lehmann , K . 2001 . Atmospheric particle number size distribution in central Europe: sta-tistical relations to air masses and meteorology. J. Geophys. Res At-mos . 106 ( D23 ), 32005 – 32018 .  

  7. Dal Maso , M. , Kulmala , M. , Riipinen , I. , Wagner , R. , Hussein , T. and co-authors . 2005 . Formation and growth of fresh atmospheric aerosols: eight years of aerosol size distribution data from SMEAR II, Hyytiälä. Finland Boreal Environ. Res . 10 , 323 - 336 .  

  8. Dal Maso , M. , Sogacheva , L. , Aalto , P. P. , Riipinen , I. , Komppula , M. and co-authors . 2007 . Aerosol size distribution measurements at four Nordic field stations: identification, analysis and trajectory analysis of new particle formation bursts. Tellus 59B, 350 - 361 .  

  9. Engler , C. , Lihavainen , H. , Komppula , M. , Kerminen , V.-M. , Kulmala , M. and co-authors . 2007 . Continuous measurements of aerosol prop-erties at the Baltic Sea. Tellus 59B, 728 - 741 .  

  10. Garrett , T . J Radke, L . E and Hobbs , P . V. 2002. Aerosol effects on cloud emissivity and surface longwave heating in the arctic. J. Atmos. Sci. 59,769-778.  

  11. Goldberg , M. S. , Burnett , R. T. , Bailar , J. C. , , Brook , J ., Bonvalot , Y . and co-authors. 2001. The association between daily mortality and ambient air particle pollution in Montreal, Quebec. 2. cause-specific mortality. Environ. Res. 86, 26 - 36 .  

  12. Hari , P. , Kulmala , M. , Pohja , T. , Lahti , T. , Siivola , E. and co-authors . 1994 . Air pollution in Eastern Lapland: challenge for an environmen-tal measurement station. Silva Fennica. 29-39.  

  13. Hari , P. and Kulmala , M . 2005 . Station for Measuring Ecosystem-Atmosphere Relations (SMEAR II). Boreal Environ. Res . 10 , 315 – 322 .  

  14. Hataklca , J ., Aalto, T., Aaltonen, V., Aurela, M., Hakola H. and co-authors. 2003. Overview of the atmospheric research activities and results at Pallas GAWstation. Boreal Environ. Res. 8 (4), 365 - 384 .  

  15. Hyvärinen , A.-P. , Komppula , M. , Engler , C. , Kivelcds , N. , Kerminen , V.-M. and co-authors . 2008 . Atmospheric new particle formation at Utii, Baltic Sea 2003-2005. Tellus B , in press.  

  16. Hyviinen , S. , Junninen , H. , Laakso , L. , Dal Maso , M. , Grönholm , T. and co-authors . 2005 . A look at aerosol formation using data mining techniques. Atmos. Chem. Phys . 5 , 3345 - 3356 .  

  17. IPCC . 2007 . Summary for policymakers. In: Climate Change 2007 : The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group Ito the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (eds S. Solomon , D . M. Qin , Z . Manning, M. Chen , K . B. Marquis , M . T. Averyt and H. L. Miller). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.  

  18. Kerminen , V.-M. , Lihavainen, H., Komppula, M., Viisanen, Y., Kulmala , M . 2005. Direct observational evidence linking atmospheric aerosol formation and cloud droplet activation. Geophys. Res. Lett . 32 , L14803, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005GL023130 .  

  19. Komppula , M. , Dal Maso , M. , Lihavainen, H., Aalto, P. P., Kulmala , M . and co-authors. 2003. Comparison of new particle formation events at two locations in northern Finland. Boreal Environ. Res . 8 , 395-404. Kulmala M., Rannilc, e., Pirjola, L., Dal Maso, M., Karimalci, J. and co-authors. 2000. Characterization of atmospheric trace gas and aerosol concentrations at forest sites in southern and northern Finland using back trajectories. Boreal Environ. Res. 5 , 315 - 336 .  

  20. Kulmala , M. , Dal Maso , M. , Mäkelä , J. M. , Pirjola , L. , Väkevä , M. and co-authors . 2001 . On the formation, growth and composition of nucleation mode particles. Tellus B 53 ,479-490.  

  21. Kurten , T. , Kulmala , M. , Dal Maso , M. , Suni , T. , Reissell , A. and co-authors . 2003 . Estimation of different forest-related contributions to the radiative balance using observations in southern Finland. Boreal Environ. Res . 8 , 275 - 285 .  

  22. Laalcso , L. , Hussein , T. , Aarnio , P., Komppula, M., Hiltunen, V. and co-authors. 2003. Diurnal and annual characteristics of particle mass and number concentrations in urban, rural and Arctic environments in Finland. Atmos. Environ . 37(9), 2629 - 2641 .  

  23. Law , K. S. and Stohl , A . 2007 . Arctic air pollution: origins and impacts. Science 315 ( 5818 ), 1537 – 1540 .  

  24. Lehtinen , K. E . J., Korhonen, H., Dal Maso M . and Kulmala, M. 2003. On the concept of condensation sink diameter. Boreal Environ. Res . 8 ,405-411.  

  25. Lehtinen , K. E . J., Dal Maso, M., Kulmala, M. and Kerminen, V.-M. 2007. Estimating nucleation rates from apparent particle formation rates and vice versa: Revised formulation of the Kerminen-Kulmala equation. J. Aerosol Sci . 38 , 988 - 994 .  

  26. Lihavainen , H., Kerminen, V.-M., Komppula, M., Hatalcica, J., Aaltonen, V. and co-authors. 2003. Production of “potential” cloud condensation nuclei associated with atmospheric new-particle formation in northern Finland. J. Geophys. Res . 108(D24), 4782.  

  27. Mäkelä , J. M. , Aalto , P. , Jolcinen , V. , Pohja , T. , Nissinen , A. and co-authors . 1997 . Observations of ultrafine aerosol particle formationand growth in boreal forest. Geophys. Res. Lett . 24 , 1219 - 1222 .  

  28. Nilsson E. D. and Kulmala , M . 2006 . Aerosol formation over the Boreal forest in Hyytiald, Finland: monthly frequency and annual cycles—the roles of air mass characteristics and synoptic scale meteorology. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss . 6 , 10425 – 10462 .  

  29. Nilsson E . D., Paatero J. and Boy, M. 2001. Effect of air masses and synoptic weather on aerosol formation in the continental boundary layer. Tellus 53B , 462 - 478 .  

  30. Sharma , S. , Andrews , E. , Barrie , L. A. , Ogren , J. A. and Lavoue , D . 2006 . Pan-Arctic enhancements of light absorbing aerosol concentrations due to North American boreal forest fires during summer 2004. J. Geophys. Res . 111 , https://doi.org/10.1029/2005JDO06581 .  

  31. Sheridan P . J., Delene , D . J. and Ogren , J . A. 2001. Four years of contin-uous surface aerosol measurements from the Department of energy's atmospheric radiation measurement program southern great plains cloud and radiation testbed site. J Geophys. Res. Atmos . 106(D18), 20735 - 20747 .  

  32. Slaughter , J. C. , Lumley , T. , Sheppard , L. , Koenig , J. Q. and Shapiro , G. G . 2003 . Effects of ambient air pollution on symptom severity ond medication use in children with asthma. Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol . 91 , 346 – 353 .  

  33. Spracklen , D. V. , Carslaw , K. S. , Kulmala , M. , Kerminen , V.-M. , Mann , G. W. and co-authors . 2006 . The contribution of boundary layer nu-cleation events to total particle concentrations on regional and global scales. Atmos. Chem. Phys . 6 , 5631 - 5648 .  

  34. Sogacheva , L. , Saulckonen , L. , Nilsson , E. D. , Dal Maso , M. , Schultz , D. M. and co-authors . 2008 . New aerosol particle formation in differ-ent synoptic situations at Hyytiäld, Southern Finland. Tellus B , https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00364.x .  

  35. Stolzenburg , M. R . 1988 . An ultrafine aerosol size distribution measuring system . PhD Thesis, University of minnesota , minneapolis MN , USA .  

  36. Strom , J., Umegard, J., Torseth, K., Tunved, R, Hansson, H.-C. and co-authors. 2003. One year of particle size distribution and aerosol chemical composition measurements at the Zeppelin Station, Sval-bard, March 2000-March 2001. Phys. Chem. Earth 28 , 1181 - 1190 .  

  37. Tunved , P., Hansson, H.-C., Kulmala, M., Aalto, P., Viisanen, Y . and co-authors. 2003. One year boundary layer aerosol size distribution data from five nordic background stations. Atmos. Chem. Phys . 3 , 2183 - 2205 .  

  38. Tunved , R , Nilsson , E. D. , Hansson , H.-C. , Strom, J., Kulmala , M . and co-authors. 2005. Aerosol characteristics of air masses in northern Eu-rope: Influences of location, transport, sinks, and sources. J. Geophys. Res . 110 , D07201, https://doi.org/10.1029/2004JD005085 .  

  39. Tunved , P. , Hansson, H.-C., Kerminen, V.-M., Strom, J., Dal Maso , M . and co-authors. 2006a. High natural aerosol loading over boreal forests. Science 312 (5771), 261 - 263 .  

  40. Tunved , P. , Korhonen, H., Strom, J., Hansson, H.-C., Lehtinen, K. E. J. and co-authors. 2006b. Is nucleation capable of explaining ob-served aerosol integral number increase during southerly transport over Scandinavia? Tellus 58B , 129-140  

  41. Twomey , S . 1991 . Aerosols, clouds and radiation. Atmos. Environ . 25A , 2435 – 2442 .  

  42. Wiedensohler , A . 1988 . An approximation of the bipolarcharge distri-bution for the particles in the submicron size range. J. Aerosol. Sci . 19 , 387 – 389 .  

comments powered by Disqus