Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Non-methane volatile organic compound flux from a subarctic mire in Northern Sweden

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Original Research Papers

Non-methane volatile organic compound flux from a subarctic mire in Northern Sweden

Authors:

Kristina Bäckstrand ,

Department of Geology and geochemistry, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, SE
X close

Patrick M. Crill,

Department of Geology and geochemistry, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, SE
X close

Mikhail Mastepanov,

GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Physical Geography and Ecosystem Analysis, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, 223 62 Lund, SE
X close

Torben R. Christensen,

GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Physical Geography and Ecosystem Analysis, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, 223 62 Lund, SE
X close

David Bastviken

Department of Geology and geochemistry, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, SE
X close

Abstract

Biogenic NMVOCs are mainly formed by plants and microorganisms. They have strong impact on the local atmospheric chemistry when emitted to the atmosphere. The objective of this study was to determine if there are significant emissions of non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) from a subarctic mire in northern Sweden. Subarctic peatlands in discontinuous permafrost regions are undergoing substantial environmental changes due to their high sensitivity to climate warming and there is need for including NMVOCs in the overall carbon budget. Automatic and manual chamber measurements were used to estimate NMVOC fluxes from three dominating subhabitats on the mire during three growing seasons. Emission rates varied and were related to plant species distribution and seasonal net ecosystem exchange of carbon dioxide. The highest fluxes were observed from wetter sites dominated by Eriophorum and Sphagnum spp. Total NMVOC emissions from the mire (∼17 ha) is estimated to consist of ∼150 kgC during a growing season with 150 d. NMVOC fluxes can account for ∼5% of total net carbon exchange (−3177 kgC) at the mire during the same period. NMVOC emissions are therefore a significant component in a local carbon budget for peatlands

How to Cite: Bäckstrand, K., Crill, P.M., Mastepanov, M., Christensen, T.R. and Bastviken, D., 2008. Non-methane volatile organic compound flux from a subarctic mire in Northern Sweden. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 60(2), pp.226–237. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00331.x
  Published on 01 Jan 2008
 Accepted on 8 Nov 2007            Submitted on 16 Apr 2007

Reference

  1. ACIA , 2005 . Arctic Climate Impact Assessment - Scientific Report , New York .  

  2. Atkinson , R . 2000 . Atmospheric chemistry of VOCs and NOx . Atmos. Environ . 34 , 2063 – 2101 .  

  3. Beckmann , M. and Lloyd , D . 2001 . Extraction and identification of volatile organic substances (VOS) from Scottish peat cores . Atmos. Environ . 35 , 79 – 86 .  

  4. Christian , G. D. and O'Reilly , J. E. (ed.), 1986 . Instrumental Analysis. Prentice-Hall , Inc ., Englewood Cliffs , New Jersey .  

  5. Crutzen , P. J. , Williams , J. , Poschl , U. , Hoor , P. , Fischer , H. and co-authors. 2000. High spatial and temporal resolution measurements of primary organics and their oxidation products over the tropical forests of Surinam. Atmos. Environ . 34, 1161-116 5 .  

  6. Gorham , E . 1991 . Northern Peatlands-role in the carbon-cycle and probable responses to climatic warming . EcoL AppL 1 , 182 – 195 .  

  7. Goulden , M. L. and Crill , P.M . 1997 . Automated measurements of CO2 exchange at the moss surface of a black spruce forest . Tree PhysioL 17 , 537 – 542 .  

  8. Guenther , A. , Hewitt , C. N. , Erickson , D. , Fall , R. , Geron , C. and co-authors. 1995. A global-model of natural volatile organic-compound emissions. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos . 100, 8873-889 2 .  

  9. Haapanala , S. , Rinne , J. , Pystynen , K. H. , Hellen , H. , Hakola , H. and co-authors. 2006. Measurements of hydrocarbon emissions from a boreal fen using the REA technique. Biogeosciences 3 , 103 – 112 .  

  10. Hakola , H. , Laurila , T. , Lindfors , V. , Hellen , H. , Gaman , A. and co-authors. 2001. Variation of the VOC emission rates of birch species during the growing season. Boreal Environ. Res . 6 , 237 – 249 .  

  11. Hakola , H. , Tarvainen , V. , Laurila , T. , Hiltunen , V , Hellen , H. and co-authors. 2003. Seasonal variation of VOC concentrations above a bo-real coniferous forest . Atmos. Environ . 37 , 1623– 1634 .  

  12. Harley , P. C. , Monson , R. K. and Lerdau , M. T . 1999 . Ecological and evolutionary aspects of isoprene emission from plants . Oecologia 118 , 109 – 123 .  

  13. Hellen , H. , Hakola , H. , Pystynen , K. H. , Rinne , J. and Haapanala , S . 2006 . C-2-C-10 hydrocarbon emissions from a boreal wetland and forest floor . Biogeosciences 3 , 167 – 174 .  

  14. Hoffmann , T. , Odum , J. R. , Bowman , F. , Collins , D. , Klockow , D. and co-authors. 1997. Formation of organic aerosols from the oxidation of biogenic hydrocarbons. J. Atmos. Chem . 26 , 189 – 222 .  

  15. IPCC , 2001 . Climate Change 2001, The Scientific Basis . Cambridge University Press , Cambridge .  

  16. Isidorov , V. and Jdanova , M . 2002 . Volatile organic compounds from leaves litter . Chemosphere 48 , 975 – 979 .  

  17. Janson , R. and De Serves , C . 1998 . Isoprene emissions from boreal wetlands in Scandinavia . J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos . 103 , 25513 – 25517 .  

  18. Janson , R. and de Serves , C . 2001 . Acetone and monoterpene emissions from the boreal forest in northern Europe . Atmos. Environ . 35 , 4629 – 4637 .  

  19. Janson , R. , De Serves , C. and Romero , R . 1999 . Emission of isoprene and carbonyl compounds from a boreal forest and wetland in Sweden. Agric. For MeteoroL 98-9, 671 – 681 .  

  20. Johansson , T. , Malmer , N. , Crill , P. M. , Friborg , T. , Akerman , J. H. and co-authors. 2006. Decadal vegetation changes in a northern peatland, greenhouse gas fluxes and net radiative forcing. Global Change Biol . 12 , 1 – 18 .  

  21. Kaplan , J. O. , Folberth , G. and Hauglustaine , D. A . 2006 . Role of methane and biogenic volatile organic compound sources in late glacial and Holocene fluctuations of atmospheric methane concentrations . Global Biogeochem. Cycles 20 , 16 .  

  22. Kesselmeier , J. and Staudt , M . 1999 . Biogenic volatile organic compounds (VOC): an overview on emission, physiology and ecology . J. Atmos. Chem . 33 , 23 – 88 .  

  23. Kesselmeier , J. , Kuhn , U. , Wolf , A. , Andreae , M. O. , Ciccioli , P. and co-authors. 2000. Atmospheric volatile organic compounds (VOC) at a remote tropical forest site in central Amazonia. Atmos. Environ . 34, 4063-407 2 .  

  24. Kesselmeier , J. , Ciccioli , P. , Kuhn , U. , Stefani , R , Biesenthal , T. and co-authors. 2002. Volatile organic compound emissions in relation to plant carbon fixation and the terrestrial carbon budget. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 16, 1126-113 5 .  

  25. Klinger , L. F. , Zimmerman , P. R. , Greenberg , J. P. , Heidt , L. E. and Guenther , A. B . 1994 . Carbon trace gas fluxes along a successional gradient in the Hudson-Bay lowland . J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos . 99 , 1469 – 1494 .  

  26. Kulmala , M. , Vehlcamalci , H. , Petajda , T. , Dal Maso , M. , Lauri , A. and co-authors. 2004. Formation and growth rates of ultrafine atmospheric particles: a review of observations. J. Aerosol Sci . 35 , 143 – 176 .  

  27. Malmer , N. , Johansson , T. and Olsrud , M . 2005 . Vegetation, climatic changes and net carbon sequestration in a North-Scandinavian sub-arctic mire over 30 years . Global Change Biol . 11 , 1895 – 1910 .  

  28. Penuelas , J. and Llusia , J . 2001 . The complexity of factors driving volatile organic compound emissions by plants . Biol. Planta rum 44 , 481 – 487 .  

  29. Rinnan , R. , Rinnan , A. , Holopainen , T. , Holopainen , J. K. and Pasanen , P . 2005 . Emissions of non-methane volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from boreal peatland microcosms-effects of ozone exposure . Atmos. Environ . 39 , 921 – 930 .  

  30. Rinne , J. , Tuovinen , J. P. , Laurila , T. , Hakola , H. , Aurela , M. and co-authors. 2000. Measurements of hydrocarbon fluxes by a gradient method above a northern boreal forest. Agric. For Meteorol . 102 , 25 – 37 .  

  31. Schnitzler , J. P. , Bauknecht , N. , Bruggemann , N. , Einig , W. , Forkel , R. and co-authors. 2002. Emission of biogenic volatile organic compounds: an overview of field, laboratory and modelling studies performed during the ‘Tropospheric Research Program’ (TES) 1997-2000. J. Atmos. Chem . 42 , 159 – 177 .  

  32. Sharkey , T. D. and Loreto , F . 1993 . Water-stress, temperature, and light effects on the capacity for isoprene emission and photosynthesis of Kudzu leaves . Oecologia 95 , 328 – 333 .  

  33. Sharkey , T. D. , Singsaas , E. L. , Lerdau , M. T. and Geron , C. D . 1999 . Weather effects on isoprene emission capacity and applications in emissions algorithms . EcoL AppL 9 , 1132 – 1137 .  

  34. Sharkey , T. D. and Yeh , S. S . 2001 . Isoprene emission from plants . Annu. Rev. Plant Phys . 52 , 407 – 436 .  

  35. Zimmerman , P. R. , Greenberg , J. P. and Westberg , C. E . 1988 . Measurements of atmospheric hydrocarbons and biogenic emission fluxes in the Amazon boundary-layer . J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos . 93 , 1407 – 1416 .  

comments powered by Disqus