Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Estimate of annual carbon balance of a young Siberian larch (Larix sibirica) plantation in I...

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Original Research Papers

Estimate of annual carbon balance of a young Siberian larch (Larix sibirica) plantation in Iceland

Authors:

Brynhildur Bjarnadottir ,

Icelandic Forest Research, IS; Geobiospheric Science Centre, Physical Geography and Ecosystems Analysis, Lund University, SE
X close

Bjarni D. Sigurdsson,

Agricultural University of Iceland, IS
X close

Anders Lindroth

Geobiospheric Science Centre, Physical Geography and Ecosystems Analysis, Lund University, SE
X close

Abstract

The aim of present study was to estimate the annual carbon balance of a young Larix sibiricaplantation on former heathland pasture in Iceland. The data covered 1 yr of measurements, year 2005. The daily NEE varied from about +7.7 to -22.5 g CO2 m-2 d-1 in October and July, respectively, resulting in annual sequestration of –727 g CO2 m-2 a-1. This annual carbon balance falls within the observed range of published annual NEEs for other plantation forests. Daily net uptake started in middle of April, when thawing of the soil surface began and it increased as the spring progressed. During a cold spell in the middle of May, the air temperature dropped below zero for some days, resulting in a decline of carbon uptake and a slow recovery of the ecosystem. Such freezing incidents are expected to become more frequent at northern latitudes in warmer future climate and their impact should, therefore, be studied further. Moreover, longer time series of measurements on NEE are needed to reveal the effect of weather conditions on long-term carbon balance. Corrections for small errors in winter and night fluxes from open-path gas analysers also need to be developed.

How to Cite: Bjarnadottir, B., Sigurdsson, B.D. and Lindroth, A., 2007. Estimate of annual carbon balance of a young Siberian larch (Larix sibirica) plantation in Iceland. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 59(5), pp.891–899. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00300.x
2
Views
  Published on 01 Jan 2007
 Accepted on 21 Jun 2007            Submitted on 15 Jan 2007

Reference

  1. Arnalds , O . 2004 . Volcanic soils of Iceland . CATENA 56 , 3 – 20 .  

  2. Aubinet , M. , Grelle , A. , Ibrom , A. , Rannilc , Ü. , Moncrieff, J. and co-authors. 2000. Estimates of the annual net carbon and water exchange of forest: the EUROFLUX methodology. Adv. EcoL Res. 30 , 113 – 175 .  

  3. Baldocchi , D. D . 2003 . Assessing the eddy covariance technique for evaluating carbon dioxide exchange rates of ecosystems: past, present and future . Global Change Biol . 9 , 479 – 492 .  

  4. Batjes , N. H . 1996 . Total carbon and nitrogen in the soils of the world. Eur J . Soil Sci . 47 , 151 – 163 .  

  5. Bergh , J. , Freeman , M. , Sigurdsson , B. , Kellomälci , S. , Laitinen , K. and co-authors. 2003. Modelling the short-term effects change on the productivity of selected tree species in Nordic countries. For. EcoL Manage . 183 , 327 – 340 .  

  6. Black , K. , Bolger , T. , Davis , P. , Nieuwenhuis , M. , Reidy , B. and co-authors. 2005. Inventory and eddy covariance-based estimates of annual carbon sequestration in a Silica spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Can.) forest ecosystem. European J. For Res. 124 , doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-005 - 0092 – 4 .  

  7. Brinker , M. M . 2007 . Growth and Allometric Analysis of Young Siberian Larch Trees—A Case Study from Eastern Iceland . M.Sc. Thesis. University of Applied Sciences in Eberswalde , Germany , 48 pp .  

  8. Burba , G. G. , Andersson , D. J. , Xu , L. and McDermitt , D. K . 2006 . Correcting apparent off-season CO2 uptake due to surface heating of an open path gas analyzer: progress report of an ongoing study. In 27th Confercence on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology , American Meteorological Society, San Diego, CA, P4-4, 12pp.  

  9. Cannell , M. G. R. and Smith , R. I . 1986 . Climatic warming, spring budburst and frost damage on trees . J. Appl. EcoL 23 , 177 – 191 .  

  10. Falge , E. , Baldocchi , D. , Olson , R. , Anthoni , P. , Aubinet , M. and co-authors. 2001. Gap filling strategies for defensible annual sums of net ecosystem exchange. Agric. For. MeteoroL 107 , 43 – 69 .  

  11. Gunnarsson , E . 2006 . SlcOgrwktardri 2005 [Forestry statistics for 2005[. Skógraktarriti (Icelandic Forestry) 2, 94-102. (In Icelandic )  

  12. Guo , L. B. and Gifford , R. M . 2002 . Soil carbon stocks and land use change: a meta analysis . Global Change Biol . 8 , 345 – 360 .  

  13. Gurney , K. R. , Law , R. M. , Denning , A. S. , Rayner , P. J. , Pak , B. C. and co-authors. 2004. Transcom 3 inversion intercomparison: model mean results for the estimation of seasonal carbon sources and sink. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 18, GB1010, doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2003GB002111 .  

  14. Guttormsson , H. and Bliindal , S . 2005 . Hallormsstabur I skógum — Ncitttira og saga hquöbóls og jetsk6gar [The history of the forest of Hallormsstabur]. Mál og menning, Reykjavik, 351 pp. (In Icelandic) .  

  15. Huang , M. , Li , J. J. K. , Liu , Y. , Yang , F. and Tao , B . 2007 . The ecosystem carbon accumulation after conversion of grasslands to pine plantations in subtropical red soil of South China. Tellus B doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00280.x .  

  16. Hyvönen , R. , Agren , G. I. , Linder , S. , Persson , T. , Cotrufo , M. F. and co-authors. 2007. The likely impact of elevated [CO2], nitrogen deposition, increased temperature and management on carbon sequestration in temperate and boreal forest ecosystems: a literature review. New PhytoL 173 , 463 – 480 .  

  17. Kljun , N. , Calanca , R , Rotach , M. W. and Schmid , H. P . 2004 . A simple parameterisation for flux footprint predictions . Boundary-Layer MeteoroL 112 , 503 – 523 .  

  18. Kowalski , A. S. , Loustau , D. , Berbigier , P. , Manca , G. , Tedeschi , V. and co-authors. 2004. Paired comparisons of carbon exchange between undisturbed and regenerating stands in four managed forests in Europe . Global Change Biol . 10 , 1707– 1723 .  

  19. Linkosalo , T. , Carter , T. R. , Hälcicinen , R. and Hari , P . 2000 . Predicting spring phenology and frost damage risk of Betula spp. under climatic warming: a comparison of two models . Tree PhysioL 20 , 1175 – 1182 .  

  20. Lloyd , J. and Taylor , J. A . 1994 . On the temperature dependence of soil respiration . Funct. EcoL 8 , 315 – 323 .  

  21. Lyck , C. and Bergstedt , A . 2004 . Use and Availability of Larch Wood in Northern Europe — A Literature Review . Report from the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Unit of Forestry, Copenhagen, Denmark, 66pp .  

  22. Malhi Y. , Baldocchi D. D. and Jarvis P. G . 1999 . The carbon balance of tropical, temperate and boreal forests . Plant Cell Environ . 22 , 715 – 740 .  

  23. McMurtrie , R. E. , Benson , M. L. , Linder , S. , Running , S. W. , Talsma , T. and co-authors. 1990. Water/nutrient interactions affecting the productivity of stands of Pinus radiate. Forest EcoL Manage . 30 , 415 – 423 .  

  24. Ohtsuka , T. , Akiyama , T. , Hashimoto , Y. , Inatomi , M. , Sakai , T. and co-authors. 2005. Biometric based estimates of net primary production (NPP) in a cool-temperate deciduous forest stand beneath a flux tower. Agric. For MeteoroL 134 , 27 – 38 .  

  25. Roberntz , P. and Stocicfors , J . 1998 . Effects of elevated CO2 concentration and nutrition on net photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and needle respiration of field-grown Norway spruce trees . Tree PhysioL 18 , 223 – 241 .  

  26. Saigusa , N. , Yamamoto , S. , Murayama , S. and Kondo , H . 2005 . Inter-annual variability of carbon budget components in an AsiaFlux forest site estimated by long-term flux measurements . Agric. For MeteoroL 134 , 4 – 16 .  

  27. Sigurdardottir , R . 2000 . Effects of Different Forest Types on Total Ecosystem Carbon Sequestration in Hallormsstaur Forest, Eastern Iceland . PhD Thesis , Yale University , 193pp .  

  28. Sigurdsson , B. D . 2001 . Environmental control of carbon uptake and growth in a Populus trichocarpa plantation in Iceland . Acta Universitatis Agriculurae Sueciae, Silvestria 174 , 64 .  

  29. Sigurdsson , B. D. , Magnusson , B. , Elmarsdottir , Á. and Bjarnadottir , B . 2005 . Biomass and composition of understory vegetation and the forest floor carbon stock across Siberian larch and mountain birch chronosequences in Iceland. Ann . For Sci . 62 , 881 – 888 .  

  30. Sigurdsson , B. D. and Snorrason , A . 2000 . Carbon sequestration by afforestation and revegetation as a means of limiting net-0O2 emissions in Iceland . BiotechnoL Agron. Soc. Environ . 4 , 303 – 307 .  

  31. Sigurdsson , B. D. , Snorrason , A. , Kjartansson, B. Th. and Jonsson , J. A . 2007 . Total area of planted forests in Iceland and their carbon stocks and fluxes. Proceedings of the AFFORNORD Conference, Reylcholt, Iceland, June 18-22,2005; Temallord 508 , 198 – 205 .  

  32. Slaney , M . 2006 . Impact of Elevated Temperature and [CO2] on Spring Phenology and Photosynthetic Recovery of Boreal Norway Spruce. PhD Thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences . Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae 3 , 47pp .  

  33. Snorrason , A. , Sigurdsson , B. D. , Gudbergsson , G. , Svavarsdottir , K. and Jonsson, Th.H. 2002 . Carbon sequestration in forest plantations in Iceland . Icelandic Agric. Sci . 15 , 81 – 93 .  

  34. Suni , T. , Rinne , J. , Reissell , A. , Altimir , N. , Keronen , P. and co-authors. 2003. Long-term measurements of surface fluxes above a Scots pine forest in Hyytiälä, southern Finland, 1996-2001. Bor Environ. Res . 8 , 287 – 301 .  

  35. Valentini , R. , Matteucci , G. , Dolman , A. J. , Schulze , E.-D. , Rebmann , C. and co-authors. 2000. Respiration as the main determinant of carbon balance in European forests. Nature 404 , 861 – 865 .  

  36. Webb , E. K. , Pearman , G. I. and Leuning , R . 1980 . Correction of flux measurements for density effects due to heat and water vapour transfer . Quart. J. Roy. MeteoroL Soc . 106 , 85 – 100 .  

  37. Wilson , K. , Goldstein , A. , Falge , E. , Aubinet , M. , Baldocchi , D. and co-authors. 2002. Energy balance closure at FLUXNET sites. Agric. For MeteoroL 113 , 223 – 243 .  

comments powered by Disqus